Streptocarpus Molweniensis

Streptocarpus molwenisensis

Flora

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At a Glance
FamilyGesneriaceae
SeasonalityS. molweniensis are monocarpic i.e. flower, set seeds and then die
Height Single leaf on ground or on rock.
SA Tree Numbern / a
Conservation StatusVulnerable

Description

Streptocarpus is a large genus native to Southern Africa with over 150 species being recognised. The family Gesneriaceae also includes African Violets.

There are two main divisions within the genus. Subgenus Streptocarpus is comprised of plants with typically strap-like leaves, which grow either from an irregular rosette with several leaves emerging directly from the ground, or as a single leaf, the only leaf the plant will ever produce.

Subgenus Streptoarpella produces more conventional-looking plants, with stems and leaves, and flowers produced from the leaf axils. The species in our forest are all the single leaf type.

Distribution

The genus is native to Afromontane biotopes from central, eastern and southern Africa, including Madagascar.
5 species are found within Krantzkloof. These are:
a) Streptocarpus molweniensis which consists of two subspecies. The typical subspecies molweniensis which is only found in the Kloof area has smaller flowers than the other subspecies eshowicus which as its name indicates, occurs in a small number of forests around Eshowe.
b) Streptocarpus haygarthii is the most common species found in shady forest interiors.
c) Streptocarpus grandis (very similar in appearance to S. molweniensis, in damp forests.
d) Streptocarpus polyanthus subsp. polyanthus (usually on more exposed cliff edges and rock outcrops, not in deep shade) and
e) Streptocarpus prolixus (also mainly cliff edges, on rocks, and in dry forest, but not usually in deep shade).

Flower - Fruit

The fruit is a long, thin cylindrical capsule that begins to twist after pollination.

Uses

Although the streptocarpus family is a very popular pot plant species throughout the world the species of streptocarpus found in the Kloof Gorge are not commonly available from growers.

Local Information

The rarest in our area is the Streptocarpus molweniensis which was first described in 1996 by the well-known botanist Olive Hilliard, then based at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg.

Streptocarpus molweniensis and grandis can be found in various parts of the reserve including the Ronald’s Kloof area on Longshadows Trail as well as near the Nkonka Falls

Streptocarpus haygarthii can be found on the Molweni Trail and at the Nkonka Crack.

The other two species are in areas not readily accessible to the public.

Interesting Facts

The name streptocarpus comes from the Greek meaning “twisted fruit”. The streptocarpus seedpods (fruit) are very thin and spiralled (twisted). As the seedpod dries out it gets wound tighter and eventually pops to release the seeds.

The size of the leaf of the Streptocarpus grandis can exceed 700mm in width and length.

References

David Styles – Article in Kloof Conservancy’s The Leopard’s Echo – January 2013

Alikho(uhlobo lwesimila olungandile)

Streptocarpus molwenisensis

Flora

Ukujeqeza
UmndeniGesneriaceae
Izikhathi zonyakaEzinhlobeni ezinhlanu ezitholakala e Kranzkloof streptocarpus molweni, S grandis and S haygarthii zi
UbudeIqabunga La loluhlobo olutholakala grandis lingaba ubukhululu obungango 60cm ukuvuleka kuya ku 75cm
SA Tree NumberAyitholakali
Conservation IsimoVulnerable

Ingcaciselo

Lolunhlobo lwandile kakhulu ngokobuzwe e Mzansi Afrika zingaphezu kwekhulu namashumi amahlanu izinhlotshana zaso.

Zinokwehluka okukabili emndenini wazo. Ezingajwayelekile zinokungathi iqabunga elinemidwa okumila lodwa Kanye nambalwa amila ngokwawo emhlabathini okwi iwona Amaqabunga isihlahla esibanawo.

Olunye uhlobo lubukeka luhlukile lunesiqu namaqabunga nembali iyavela eqabungeni loluhlotshana lusehlathini lethu zonke zinamaqabunga ngalinye.



Ukutholakala

Ubuzwe baso sidabuka maphakathi , e ntshonalanga nase Mzansi Afrika okubandakanya I Madagaskha
Izinhlotshana ezinhlanu ezitholakala esiqiwini eKlufu.

a)Olubizwa nge Molweniwensizi nalo olunezinhlotshana ezimbili , olunye lutholakala eklufu lunezimbali ezincana .
Olunye lutholakala ngenani elincane emahlathini ase Showe

b) Hayigathi wuhlobo olwandile olutholakala ekungenen emahlahlathini anethunzi

c) Grandisi ibukeka ifana nemolweniwensizi itholakala emahlathini anomswakama

d)Pholiyanthas ngokugwayelekile itholakala emaweni avulekile ayi emithunzini emikhulu

e) Prolixus nayo itholakala emingceleni yamawa , emadwaleni nasemahlathini omile yahi ngokujwayelekile emahlathini anomthunzi.

Izimbali/ Nezithelo

Isithelo umucwana oyipayipana osontekayo mase kuphume imbewu.

Umsebenzi

Noma loluhlobo lwesihlahla lwandile umhlaba wonke kodwa olutholakala esihosheni eklufu asisatholakali kubakhulisi.

Ulwazi Lwendawo

Esingandile kakhulu endaweni I Molweniwensizi eyatholwa ngo 1996 umcwaningi wezihlahla u Olive Hilliard, owayezinze e nyuvesi yase Mgungundlovu.


Imolweniwensizi ingatholakala e Ronald klufu , ne Grandisi iyatholakala kwi ndlela I longshadws naseduze kwewa I Nkonka

Haygathi ingatholakala endleni I Molweni nase mfantwini I nkonka .

Eziye izinhlobo zisezindaweni ezingafinyeleleki.

Amaqiniso

Igama streptocarpus liqamuka kuma Griki elichaza isithelo esinsontela , Lakunembewu khona kuncane kuyoma mase kudedeleka imbewu.

Imininingwane

David Styles – Article in Kloof Conservancy’s The Leopard’s Echo – January 2013